Meningitis is a swelling of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. It causes due to viral or bacterial infection of the fluid surrounding the brain. However, there are other reasons that can trigger meningitis such as brain tumor, cancer, injuries, and certain drugs. The swelling associated with meninges triggers symptoms such as painful headaches, fever, loss of appetite, and stiffness of the neck. Meningitis is a fatal disease and has a rapid onset of action. If left untreated, it can cause severe damage to the brain in almost half of the total infected population. It can also lead to serious ailments such as mental retardation, epilepsy, and deafness. According to Meningitis Research Foundation, as of 2017, around 80% - 90% of meningitis cases are estimated to be caused by enteroviruses and the remaining 10% is estimated to be caused by herpes virus, mumps, measles, and human immune deficiency virus. According to the Confederation of Meningitis Organizations Inc., in 2010, around 50% of the bacterial meningitis cases occur in children under the age of five years and in adolescent and young adults from 15-24 year of age.